Teaching is a highly complex activity involving intellectual, social, and emotional interplay between human beings in a constantly changing environment. Navigating this environment to ensure learning is challenging. Educational research in the last twenty years has revealed teaching strategies that are more or less effective.

Six Highly-Effective Teaching Strategies explores research-proven teaching practices that all teachers can employ. While flexible, the inservice format will enable a) video presentation and discussion, b) extended readings on the topic, c) classroom practice opportunities, and d) faculty reflection.

To view the video, use the password “motivate.”


 Optional Extension Resources

To view video, use the password, “assessment.”

 Optional Extension Resources


Dodge, J. (2009) 25 quick formative assessments for a differentiated classroom. Scholastic https://www.amazon.com/Quick-Formative-Assessments-Differentiated-Classroom/dp/0545087422

Moss, C., and Brookhart, S. (2009) Advancing formative assessment in every classroom: A guide for instructional leaders. Alexandria VA. ASCD http://www.ascd.org/publications/books/109031.aspx


Black, P., & Wiliam, D. (1998) Inside the black box: Raising standards through classroom assessment. Phi Delta Kappan. 80 (2). pp. 139- 148 http://www.wyoaac.org/Lit/Inside%20the%20Black%20Box%20-%20Black.pdf

Dodge, JudithWhat are Formative Assessments and How Should We Use Them? Judith Dodge Sholastic Teacher Resources. (http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/article/what-are-formative-assessments-and-why-should-we-use-them

Dyer, K. (2013) Formative Assessment – What it Is, Why you should use it, and how to make it happen. The Education Blog.https://www.nwea.org/blog/2013/formative-assessment-what-it-is-why-you-should-use-it-and-how-to-make-it-happen/

Meyer, J. (2012) What’s Up with Formative Assessment? http://blogs.mlc-wels.edu/wels-educator/2012/08/07/whats-up-with-formative-assessment-2/

Popham, W.J. (2008) Chapter 1: Formative Assessment: Why, What, and Whether? Transformative Assessment. Transformative Assessment. http://www.ascd.org/publications/books/108018/chapters/Formative-Assessment@-Why,-What,-and-Whether.aspx


Assessment by Susan Brookhart:

Giving Effective Feedback by Susan Brookhart:

Embedding Formative Assessment into Classroom Practice by Dylan Wiliam: http://www.dylanwiliamcenter.com/webinar-embedding-formative-assessment-into-classroom-practice/

 Module 4: Optional Extension Resources


Himmele, P. & Himmele, W. (2011) Total participation techniques: Making every student an active learner. Alexandria VA. ASCD. http://www.ascd.org/Publications/Books/Overview/Total-Participation-Techniques.aspx


Jablon, J. & Wilkinson, M. (March, 2006) Using engagement strategies to facilitate children’s learning and success. Young Children. https://www.naeyc.org/files/yc/file/200603/JablonBTJ.pdf

Johnson, B. (2012) How do we know when students are engaged? Edutopia. http://www.edutopia.org/blog/student-engagement-definition-ben-johnson


Robinson, K. (2010) Changing Education Paradigms


Wright, S. (2013) The Power of Student-Driven Learning

 Optional Extension Resources


McTighe, J. & Wiggins, G. (2013) Essential questions: Opening doors to student understanding. Alexandria VA. ASCD. http://www.ascd.org/Publications/Books/Overview/Essential-Questions.aspx

Ostroff, W. L. (2016) Cultivating curiosity in K-12 classrooms. Alexandria VA. ASCD. http://www.ascd.org/Publications/Books/Overview/Cultivating-Curiosity-in-K-12-Classrooms.aspx


McTighe, J. & Wiggins, G. (2013) Chapter 1: What makes a question essential? http://www.ascd.org/publications/books/109004/chapters/What-Makes-a-Question-Essential%A2.aspx

Finley, T. (2014) New classroom questioning techniques for the best school year ever. EDUTOPIA. https://www.edutopia.org/blog/new-classroom-questioning-techniques-todd-finley

Coffey, H. (n.d.) Socratic method http://www.learnnc.org/lp/pages/4994

Socratic Seminar Tools https://www.nwabr.org/sites/default/files/SocSem.pdf


Essential Questions

Case Study: Essential Questions in Social Studies http://essentialquestions.org/video_3.lasso

Socratic Seminar – teacher graded http://www.authenticeducation.org/alexis/

Socratic Seminar – student graded https://www.teachingchannel.org/videos/bring-socratic-seminars-to-the-classroom

 Optional Extension Resources


Vatterott, C. (2009) Rethinking homework: Best practices that support diverse needs. Alexandria VA. ASCD. http://www.ascd.org/Publications/Books/Overview/Rethinking-Homework.aspx


Willingham, D. (2004) Practice makes perfect—but only if you practice beyond the point of perfection. American Educator. Spring Issue. http://www.aft.org/periodical/american-educator/spring-2004/ask-cognitive-scientist

Gartner, N. (2017) Are common beliefs about homework wrong? Issues in Lutheran Education. February 28. http://blogs.mlc-wels.edu/wels-educator/2017/02/28/are-common-beliefs-about-homework-wrong/

Berger, B. (2014) Elementary students do not require homework. Issues in Lutheran Education. January 15. http://blogs.mlc-wels.edu/wels-educator/2014/01/15/elementary-school-students-do-not-require-homework/

Kock, D. (2013) Homework: Purpose, value, and teacher’s role. Issues in Lutheran Education. November 15. http://blogs.mlc-wels.edu/wels-educator/2013/11/15/homework-purpose-value-and-the-teachers-role/

Marzano, R. & Pickering D. (2007) Special topic: The case for and against homework. Educational Leadership. 64 (6). pp. 74-79. http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/mar07/vol64/num06/The-Case-For-and-Against-Homework.aspx


Efficient and Meaningful Homework Review: https://www.teachingchannel.org/videos/making-homework-meaningful

Elements of Grading Part 2: Homework as Practice:

Providing Practice: