Formal Recognition for Informal Learning

BDG0117 Pre-Conferencing

DESCRIPTION: Teachers who earn the Pre-Conferencing Micro-Credential can carry out a pre-visit conference that sets the tone for a growth-oriented visit focusing on student learning.

EARNING THE MICRO-CREDENTIAL: To earn the Pre-Conferencing Micro-Credential, teachers demonstrate how to plan and engage in a pre-visit conference. Using a pre-visit framework to guide conversation, earners will develop questions, support key evidence of student learning to observe, and identify assessment of student learning. The earner video-records the pre-visit conference to demonstrate the ability to guide conversation using effective coaching language that leads to creating actions steps towards improving instruction.

RESEARCH BASE: Researchers continue to study the impact of pre-conferencing on instructional coaching. Marzano Research is a leader in this ongoing endeavor within the education community. Jim Knight, research associate at the University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning, provides resources and training in the areas of conferencing and coaching.

Knight, J. (2018). Three steps to great coaching: A simple but powerful instructional coaching cycle nets results. Journal of Staff Development, 36(1), 10-18.

Kraft, M.A., Blazar, D., & Hogan, D. (2016). The effect of teaching coaching on instruction and achievement: A meta-analysis of the causal evidence. Brown University Working Paper. https://scholar.harvard.edu/files/mkraft/files/kraft_blazar_hogan_2016_teacher_coaching_meta-analysis_wp_w_appendix.pdf

Marzano, Robert J. (2013). Tips from Dr. Marzano. Retrieved from https://www.marzanoresearch.com/resources/tips/cci_tips_archive

Quintero, D. (2019). Instructional coaching holds promise as a method to improve teachers’ impact. Retrieved from https://www.brookings.edu/blog/brown-center-chalkboard/2019/01/25/instructional-coaching-holds-promise-as-a-method-to-improve-teachers-impact/

BACKGROUND: The following are useful tools to better understand the topic:

YouTube: Pre & Post Observation Conversations—Marzano Example: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f16vc8hQdrQ

YouTube: Pre & Post Observation Conversations: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fszjY0tKJlA

Better Conversations: Coach Yourself to be More Credible, Caring, and Connected. https://www.instructionalcoaching.com/research/


MICRO-CREDENTIAL CRITERIA: The conferencing micro-credential earner can do the following:

  1. Incorporate coaching language throughout conferencing
  2. Use coaching language that moves between instruction, collaboration, and guidance
  3. Develop action steps based upon reflective conversation


Submit a Completed Pre-Visit Framework

Incorporating effective coaching language, prepare a pre-visit framework that includes the following:

  1. Goals for student learning clearly defined
  2. Method to gather information about students
  3. Evidence of student learning defined
  4. Collaboration in planning using coaching language
  5. Identified focus of observation

Submit a Pre-Visit Video

  1. Video-record the pre-visit conferencing.
  2. Obtain the consent of people being video-recorded.
  3. Edit the video so it is no more than 15 minutes long.


Submit a Written Reflection

After completing the recorded lesson, write a reflection on the conference (maximum 400 words) that explains the following:

  1. Use of coaching language in conferencing
  2. Instruction, collaboration, and guided communication
  3. Development of action steps to improve instruction



Aguilar, E. (2013). The Art of Coaching: Effective strategies for school transformation. San Francisco: Josey-Bass.

Knight, J. (2007). Instructional Coaching: A partnership approach to improving instruction. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Marzano, Robert J. (2011). Effective supervision: Supporting the art and science of teaching. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.


Arikan, A. (2004). Proceedings for the 2nd International ELT Conference. Questions to Ask in Post-Observation Conferences for a Reflective Practice. Turkey. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED494164.pdf

Kinter-Duffy, V. A. (2017, Feb. 15). Coaching guide to asking reflective questions. [Blog post] Retrieved from http://info.teachstone.com/blog/a-coaching-guide-to-asking-reflective-questions-part-1

The Achievement Network, Ltd. (n.d) Using questions to coach teachers. Retrieved from https://www.achievementnetwork.org/lff-questions-to-coach


??Certified Pre-Observation Conferencing: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WPNhnP8C4kk

Pre & Post Observation Conversations – Marzano: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f16vc8hQdrQ

Pre-Observation Teacher Conference: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pgnorGdwVJ0

Pre & Post Observation Conversations: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fszjY0tKJlA

Martin Luther College Courses

EDU5302 Supervision of Instruction (3-credit graduate course)