Formal Recognition for Informal Learning

BDG0118 Post-Conferencing

DESCRIPTION: Teachers who earn the Post-Conferencing Micro-Credential are capable of conducting a post-visit conference that provides meaningful feedback to improve instruction and student learning.

EARNING THE MICRO-CREDENTIAL: To earn the Post-Conferencing Micro-Credential, teachers demonstrate how to plan and provide meaningful feedback in a post-visit conference, using collected data. Earners conduct a post-visit conference using a framework that allows for reflection and development of action steps. The earner video-records the post-visit conference to demonstrate the ability to guide conversation using effective coaching language that leads to creating action steps towards improving instruction.

RESEARCH BASE: Researchers continue to study the impact of pre- and post-conferencing on instructional coaching.  Marzano Research is a leader in this ongoing endeavor within the education community. Jim Knight, research associate at the University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning, provides resources and training in the areas of conferencing and coaching.

Knight, J. (2018). Three steps to great coaching: A simple but powerful instructional coaching cycle nets results. Journal of Staff Development, 36(1), 10-18.

Kraft, M.A., Blazar, D., & Hogan, D. (2016). The effect of teaching coaching on instruction and achievement: A meta-analysis of the causal evidence. Brown University Working Paper. https://scholar.harvard.edu/files/mkraft/files/kraft_blazar_hogan_2016_teacher_coaching_meta-analysis_wp_w_appendix.pdf

Marzano, Robert J. (2013). Tips from Dr. Marzano. Retrieved from https://www.marzanoresearch.com/resources/tips/cci_tips_archive

Quintero, D. (2019). Instructional coaching holds promise as a method to improve teachers’ impact. Retrieved from https://www.brookings.edu/blog/brown-center-chalkboard/2019/01/25/instructional-coaching-holds-promise-as-a-method-to-improve-teachers-impact/

The following are useful tools to better understand the topic:

YouTube: Pre & Post Observation Conversations—Marzano Example: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f16vc8hQdrQ

YouTube: Pre & Post Observation Conversations: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fszjY0tKJlA

Better Conversations: Coach Yourself to be More Credible, Caring, and Connected. https://www.instructionalcoaching.com/research/

The conferencing micro-credential earner can do the following:

  1. Incorporate coaching language throughout conferencing
  2. Use coaching language that moves between instruction, collaboration, and guidance
  3. Develop action steps based upon reflective conversation


Submit a completed post-visit framework

Incorporating effective coaching language, prepare a post-visit framework that includes the following:

  1. Method to review focus of observation
  2. Teacher’s reflections
  3. Guided analysis of collected data
  4. Collaborative action steps to improve instruction
  5. Reflection on conferencing process

Submit a post-visit video

  1. Video-record the post-visit conferencing.
  2. Obtain the consent of people being video-recorded.
  3. Edit the video so it is no more than 15 minutes long.

Submit a written reflection

After completing the recorded lesson, write a reflection on the conference (maximum 400 words) that explains the following:

  1. Use of coaching language in conferencing
  2. Instruction, collaboration, and guided communication
  3. Development of action steps to improve instruction



Aguilar, E. (2013). The Art of Coaching: Effective strategies for school transformation. San Francisco: Josey-Bass.

Knight, J. (2007). Instructional Coaching: A partnership approach to improving instruction. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Marzano, Robert J. (2011). Effective supervision: Supporting the art and science of teaching. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.


Arikan, A. (2004). Proceedings for the 2nd International ELT Conference. Questions to Ask in Post-Observation Conferences for a Reflective Practice. Turkey. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED494164.pdf

Kinter-Duffy, V. A. (2017, Feb. 15) Coaching guide to asking reflective questions. [Blog post] Retrieved from http://info.teachstone.com/blog/a-coaching-guide-to-asking-reflective-questions-part-1

The Achievement Network, Ltd. (n.d) Using questions to coach teachers. Retrieved from https://www.achievementnetwork.org/lff-questions-to-coach


Certified Pre-Observation Conferencing: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WPNhnP8C4kk

Pre & Post Observation Conversations – Marzano: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f16vc8hQdrQ

Pre-Observation Teacher Conference: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pgnorGdwVJ0

Pre & Post Observation Conversations: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fszjY0tKJlA

Martin Luther College Courses

EDU5302 Supervision of Instruction (3-credit graduate course)